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692 items found

  • Sarah J. Smith Tompkins Garnet

    Sarah J. Smith Tompkins Garnet (1831–1911) Sarah was an African-American educator and suffragist from New York City who was the first African-American female school principal in the New York City public school system. She led a long and distinguished career in the New York public schools, beginning as a teacher’s assistant in 1845 when she was fourteen years old and retiring as a principal in 1900. An active supporter of woman suffrage and African American civil rights, Sarah Garnet was also a businesswoman and owned a seamstress shop in Brooklyn from 1883 to 1911. In the late 1880s, she helped found the Equal Suffrage Club, a Brooklyn-based club for black women. Additionally, Sarah served as superintendent of the Suffrage Department of the National Association of Colored Women. As a member of the Equal Suffrage Club, Sarah supported the Niagara Movement, a predecessor to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). In 1911, Sarah accompanied her sister, Susan Smith McKinney Steward, to London, England, for the first Universal Races Congress. (Contributed by Meg MacDonald) Green-Wood Cemetery Lot 29541, Section 204, Grave 3 500 25th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11232 Kings County Learn More

  • Delia A. Phillips

    Delia A. Phillips (1928–1920) Delia’s place in history was first told in 1918 in the Daily News of Batavia with the headline, “Woman Aged 91 Voted in Le Roy.” Delia received the honor of voting first even though she was joined by fifty-seven other women for the first vote in Le Roy at the Municipal Building. It is assumed she was the leading woman to cast her vote due to her age and standing in the community. Delia joined the Presbyterian Church when she moved to Le Roy at the age of 61, teaching Sunday school there as well. She was active in the Women’s Christian Temperance Union co-leading the evangelistic and Sabbath observances. Her gravestone lists her name and years of birth and death. It doesn’t indicate her place in Le Roy history. The historical marker in Le Roy now fills in that gap. If you know more about Delia, you can help us tell her story. Please use our Add a Suffragist form to submit your information. Old Baptist Cemetery (aka Old Briggs Cemetery) ​ 2719 Plank Road, Lima, NY 14485 Livingston County Learn More

  • Huldah Mary Loomis

    Huldah Mary Loomis (1886–1976) Huldah was born at Locust Grove, near Port Leyden, NY. She attended Syracuse University for 2 years and graduated from the University of Wisconsin. Later, she trained at the Cornell School of Nursing in New York City, eventually being employed as a registered private nurse. Huldah was very involved in the suffrage movement, serving as President of the local Equal Franchise League and a leader of the Port Leyden Woman’s Suffrage Club. She spoke at the Lewis County Suffrage Convention in 1915, providing a report on the club’s work. Locust Grove Cemetery ​ Route 12D, Port Leyden, NY 13433 Lewis County Learn More

  • Julia Morton Dodson Sheppard

    Julia Morton Dodson Sheppard (1841–1912) A prominent citizen of Yates County, Julia headed her county's representation to the New York State Woman's Suffrage Association. She was a correspondent of Susan B Anthony, hosting her at the Sheppard's home during the 1894 amendment campaign. Susan B Anthony was a frequent speaker at both the residence and the Sheppard Opera House in Penn Yan owned by Julia's brother in law. On one occasion, Julia and Senator John Sheppard hosted a birthday celebration for Miss Anthony. Information taken from Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony by Ann D Gordon. Lakeview Cemetery ​ 426 Court St, Penn Yan, NY 14527 Yates County Learn More

  • Margaret Ashley Bellinger

    Margaret Ashley Bellinger (1846–1929) Margaret, born in Ilion, was inspired by Susan B. Anthony and Dr. Anna H. Shaw, who spoke at the nearby Herkimer Opera House in 1894. They were seeking support for a women’s suffrage amendment to be added to New York State’s constitution. Shortly thereafter, Margaret was one of 50 women who met at the Ilion YMCA to form a Political Equality Club. Susan B. Anthony spoke at that meeting. Margaret was elected Corresponding Secretary. At the same meeting the group formed the Herkimer County Political Equality Club and she was elected Recording Secretary. Political Equality Clubs were organizations within the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA). These local clubs were intended to broaden suffrage support in small towns and rural areas. Even though the 1894 suffrage amendment to the state constitution was defeated, the women leading these local clubs continued their work. In 1914, Margaret trained other women in suffrage campaign strategies in a Suffrage School in Syracuse, New York. In 1915, Ilion participated in the Suffrage Liberty Torch relay that started in Long Island and ended in Buffalo. Ilion club member, Maria Louisa Haughton, carried the bronze suffrage torch from Little Falls to Utica. In 1917, the Ilion club hosted the annual Herkimer County Women’s Rights Convention at Wilcox Hall in Ilion. In addition to her suffrage work, Margaret was recording secretary in the Women's Christian Temperance Union (W.C.T.U.) dedicated to prohibiting alcohol, labor laws, prison reform, and suffrage. The Herkimer County organization had over 300 members in 1900. Margaret died at the age of 83. Armory Hill Cemetery Section 3, Lot 113 Benedict Avenue, Ilion, NY 13357 Herkimer County Learn More

  • Mary Hillard Loines

    Mary Hillard Loines (1844–1944) Mary spent fifty years battling for women's rights. In 1869 she was elected a secretary of the Brooklyn Equal Rights Association and selected in May of that year as a Brooklyn delegate to the first convention for the American Suffrage Association. Elected as chairman of the Legislative Committee in the New York State Woman Suffrage Association in 1898, Mary helped lobby the legislature from 1902-1905 to allow all tax-paying women in cities with a population of less than 50,000 to vote on all special taxation questions, a campaign that did not succeed. In 1899 Mary was accompanied by the then Governor of New York State, Theodore Roosevelt, to one of the many suffrage conventions which she attended over the course of her lifetime. She was also able to meet privately with Roosevelt, along with a small group of New York activists, to consult about enfranchising women in New York. Mary led the Brooklyn Woman's Suffrage Association between the years 1899 and 1919 and was heavily involved in the logistics of the League of Women Voters after women's enfranchisement. *courtesy Friends Quaker Cemetery ​ Prospect Park, Brooklyn, NY 11215 Kings County Learn More

  • Mary (Maud) Molson Hughes

    Mary (Maud) Molson Hughes (1846–1881) Mary lectured around Western New York in the spring of 1869 with Charles Lenox Remond, a well-known Massachusetts abolitionist, in support of the Fifteenth Amendment. During that summer she spoke at many events, including the Colored Men's Convention in Binghamton, NY. In her lectures, Mary addressed controversial issues such as her ideas about black equality, her allegiance to the Republican Party and her aggravation at the Democratic Party's persistent "cry of the white man's government." Mary and those in attendance at the convention attributed some of the backlash against the black suffrage movement to the "white supremacist politicians," who dominated the New York membership of the Democratic party. Although Mary's lectures primarily focused on garnering support for black male suffrage, she did find opportunities, including the 1869 meeting of the Equal Rights League, to make an appeal for what she referred to as "impartial suffrage," by which she meant the rights of African Americans and women to vote. Mary's contributions to the woman suffrage movement of the 19th century won her a notation in the History of Woman Suffrage. (Courtesy of Collins Center Cemetery Lot 2A NY-39, Collins Center, NY 14035 Erie County Learn More

  • Frances Alice Kellor

    Frances Alice Kellor (1873–1952) Frances attended Cornell Law School, a rarity in the late 19th century. After graduating in 1897, she became involved in the growing Progressive movement, with a special focus in immigration and crime, which were controversial topics of the era. Frances believed that crime was the product not of one's nature but of one's circumstance, pushing against the prevailing beliefs of the time that suggested immigrants - especially those from Southern and Eastern Europe - were more prone to criminality. She worked on immigration issues for New York State, and became the President of the National Americanization Committee, dedicated to instilling American ideals in immigrants as a method of reducing crime and poverty. She also focused on the plight of African Americans, increasingly moving to northern cities during the early decades of the 1900s in what has come to be called the First Great Migration. Frances attempted to create a better safety net for African Americans, and especially African American women, in the difficult transition to northern, urban living. In 1911, the organization she founded—the Inter-Municipal League for Household Research—formed with other agencies to become the National Urban League, a well-known social justice, social reform, and civil rights organization. Active in Progressive politics, Frances participated in Theodore Roosevelt's 1912 campaign for President, arguing in favor of suffrage for women. She played a similar role in Charles Evans Hughes' 1916 campaign, leading a controversial train tour in support of the candidate. By the early 1920s, she had begun working in areas of international policy. She authored a study on the League of Nations' ability to adjudicate conflict, and became heavily involved in the process of arbitration and conflict management, helping to form the American Arbitration Association (AAA), still in existence today. Later in her life, she turned away from her earlier Americanization beliefs, seeing them as paternalistic, and began to promote the concept of the 'International Human Being'. She was a labor advocate, pushing for clean workspaces and better worker treatment, and was also a transformative force in women's sports, having been involved in rowing and basketball from her time as a college student. Frances—who changed her name from Alice while in law school—is believed to have been transgender, often dressing in manners more typically male at the time; she claimed to often be shunned for her male style of dress and hair. She carried on a long, most likely romantic, relationship with the social reformer Mary Dreier, with whom she lived starting in 1905. Green-Wood Cemetery Section 167, Lot 17004 500 25th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11232 Kings County Learn More

  • Lucy Phillips Allen

    Lucy Phillips Allen (1851–1946) Lucy was a founding member of the Easton Political Equality Club in 1891. She was president of the club during its most active years. Here is her quote from 1910 regarding the women of the PEC: "The majority of us are farmers' wives here in Easton and our husbands are perfect - we are so well-housed, so soft-bedded, and so loving cared for that our tendency is to forget that Easton isn't the whole world, that there are other women not as we are. Yet industrial [economic] conditions are open to some slight criticism even in this paradise of Easton. First of all, we want to get rid of this fallacy that marriage is a state of being supported. Since our men are mainly the gatherers of money - we mistakenly assume that they are the creators of wealth. They are not. The man gives his daily labor toward earning board and clothes, but what he receives cannot be eaten or worn. It is nothing till he puts it into his wife's hands and her intelligence, energy, and ability transforms the raw material. Until this is done no man can receive anything worth having. He begins and she completes the making of their joint wealth. The man turns his labor into money, the woman turns the money into usable material. Their dependence is mutual. She supports him exactly as he supports her." (Information and quote from Strength Without Compromise, Teri Gay 2009) Easton Rural Cemetery Section 5, Row 8 Meeting House Road, Easton, NY 12154 Washington County Learn More

  • Martha Coffin Pelham Wright

    Martha Coffin Pelham Wright (1806–1875) Martha was an important suffragist during the early years of the woman suffrage movement, yet she has been overshadowed by her more well-known sister, Lucretia Mott. Martha played a vital role as behind-the-scenes organizer and confidant to Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Before she became active in women's rights, Martha balanced a busy family life with anti-slavery work, organizing abolition meetings and hosting freedom seekers on the Underground Railroad in her home in Auburn, New York. In fact, she was six months pregnant when she attended the famous tea at which she, Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Jane Hunt and Mary Ann McClintock planned the 1848 Seneca Falls convention. Despite being crippled by a fear of public speaking, Martha consented to be the president or secretary of several state and national women's rights conventions during the 1850s and 60s. Outside of conventions, she held several offices. Martha was chosen in 1869 as the first president of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association, served on several executive committees, was vice president three times for the American Equal Rights Association, and then was elected president of the National Woman Suffrage Association in 1874. *courtesy Fort Hill Cemetery Section: Morning Side Lot: 21-22 Grave: 3 19 Fort Street, Auburn, NY 13021 Cayuga County Learn More

  • Sara McPike

    Sara McPike (1870–1943) Sara was a member of the Womens Trade Union League and was an early suffragist. Her obituary stated she was reported to have carried the first suffrage banner up Fifth Avenue in a parade in 1907. In 1909 she organized the Catholic Committee of the New York City Woman Suffrage Party and was chair of the propaganda work among Catholics. Sara carried the leading banner with Inez Mulholland in the 1911 New York City suffrage parade. In 1911 she founded the St. Catherines Welfare Association, which affiliated with the New York State Womans Suffrage Association. The organization devoted itself exclusively to the passage of woman suffrage as a means to obtain remedial legislation for the social benefit of women workers and their children. Under Sara's leadership the Association held public suffrage meetings before Catholic organizations, wrote articles for the Catholic Press and mailed articles written by pro-suffrage priests to every clergyman in the United States. In February 1917 Sara was chair of the Committee of Arrangements for a delegation of Eastern Catholic women who met with Cardinal Gibbons, the chief prelate of the Catholic Church in the United States, in an attempt to persuade him to cease his opposition to woman suffrage. *courtesty St Joseph's Cemetery ​ 209 Truman Ave, Yonkers, NY 10703 Westchester County Learn More

  • Elizabeth Smith Miller

    Elizabeth Smith Miller (1822–1911) Between 1897 and 1911 Elizabeth Smith Miller and her daughter, Anne Fitzhugh Miller, filled seven large scrapbooks with ephemera, convention programs, letters, press clippings, photographs, pins, ribbons, banners, and other memorabilia. The scrapbooks were created primarily to document the activities of the Geneva Political Equality Club, which the Millers founded in Geneva, New York, in 1897. They offer a unique look at the political and social atmosphere of the time as well as chronicle the efforts of two women who were major participants in the suffrage movement. Elizabeth Smith Miller and Anne Fitzhugh Miller scrapbooks are a part of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Collection in the Rare Book and Special Collections Division. They also recorded some of the persistent efforts of a growing number of dedicated women and men working for woman suffrage at the state, national, and international levels. These scrapbooks capture the spirit of this suffrage struggle and provide a unique opportunity to share in the personal frustrations and victories of a cause in progress. Peterboro Cemetery ​ Peterboro Road, Peterboro, NY 13134 Madison County Learn More

  • Rosalie Gardiner Jones

    Rosalie Gardiner Jones (1883–1978) Rosalie was an Oyster Bay socialite and suffragist known as "General Jones." She exemplified both her ideology of doing the work and leading her "soldiers of the suffragette movement" by organizing numerous women marches and individual efforts to raise awareness on women's voting issues. Her suffrage marches and wagon trips included a protest march from New York City to Albany, another through Ohio, numerous tours through Long Island in a yellow "Votes for Women" wagon, and a New York to Boston wagon trip and march. General Jones's most publicized march—from New York City to Washington, D.C.—ended on March 3, 1913, the day before the inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson. Her small band of suffrage "Pilgrims" joined the "Women's Rights Procession," which included 9 bands and 26 floats, and at least 5,000 marchers parading down Pennsylvania Avenue, led by women from countries that had enacted woman suffrage. This protest is not only known as the most effective demonstration for women's voting but also was instrumental in shifting the debate into a national issue, one that would need to be resolved by a constitutional amendment rather than state referenda. *courtesy St. John Espiscopal Church Ashes scattered outside mother's tomb, hillside cemetery above the church. Route 25A Laurel Hollow, Syosset, NY 11724 Suffolk County Learn More

  • Susan B. Anthony

    Susan B. Anthony (1820–1906) Susan was the driving force behind the 19th Century women’s rights movement. She was born in 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts to Quaker parents, who believed in abolition, temperance, and the equality of men and women. Susan's work in women’s rights began in 1852, when she co-founded the Woman’s New York State Temperance Society. Their goal was to advocate for state legislation to regulate the sale of alcohol, allow women to divorce their husbands for drunkenness, and permit women the right to vote. For the next half century, Susan labored ceaselessly for women’s rights on the state, national and international levels. She founded the National Woman’s Suffrage Association and the International Women’s Council and lectured throughout the United States and lobbied lawmakers for women’s property rights, divorce laws favorable to women, and women’s suffrage. In fact, Susan drafted the language of the 19th Amendment first introduced to Congress in 1878. She voted illegally in the 1872 federal election for which she was fined $100 but did not pay. In 1906, Susan gave her last speech, where she concluded with her famous quote “Failure is Impossible.” She passed away one month later at the age of 86. It would be another fourteen years before the passage of the 19th amendment. Nonetheless, her efforts laid the foundation for its enactment. Two organizations that she founded exist today and are carrying out her legacy. The National Woman Suffrage Association became the League of Women Voters. The International Council on Women serves in a consultative capacity to the United Nations. In 1921, Susan was commemorated with a statue of her, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucretia Mott, which is on display in the U.S. Capitol Building. In 1979, the Susan B. Anthony dollar was issued making it the first coin with a woman’s likeness. The Cathedral of St. John the Divine in Manhattan has a sculpture honoring four spiritual heroes of the twentieth century: Martin Luther King, Albert Einstein, Mohandas Gandhi, and one woman—Susan B. Anthony. " Mount Hope Cemetery Section C, Lot 93 1133 Mount Hope Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620 Monroe County Learn More

  • Lucy Burns

    Lucy Burns (1879–1966) Lucy was raised in Brooklyn, New York to parents who were in unconventionally in favor of educating all of their children, including their daughters so Lucy received the best possible schooling, graduating from Vassar in 1902 and attending Yale graduate school. From 1906-08, Lucy studied in Germany, returning to teach in the Brooklyn Public School system. Three years later she went to England to resume study at Oxford University and became involved with the militant activism for the women’s suffrage movement that was gaining popularity in Europe. Her dedication was such that she was given an award from the Parkhurst’s Women’s Social and Political union. While in England, Lucy met with fellow American and suffragist Alice Paul and they both returned to the United States together to fight for the women’s right to vote in America. In 1912 the women began their battle by actively organizing protests and speaking out to the press about the right for women to vote. In 1913 they formed the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, which organized a 5,000-woman march in Washington on the inaugural day of President Woodrow Wilson. By 1915 the women had branched off and formed their own group - the National Women’s Party - and continued the fight for the vote. Burns spent time in various courthouses and jails during her career, but her most famous stint was that which occurred after picketing the White House in 1917 that got her and her party members (including Paul) locked up in the Occoquan Workhouse. Paul and Stone organized a 19-day hunger strike. Both women endured beatings and force feedings but stayed the course and served their sentence. With six arrests and numerous detainments, Lucy Burns spent more time in jail for the women’s suffrage than any other woman at the time. Alice Paul spoke of her tireless dedication by describing her friend as “a thousand times more valiant than I." Lucy was considered the literary power behind the group and edited the “Suffragette” newspaper and along with Paul made speeches that forced even those who opposed them to listen. In her book “Jailed for Freedom” a biography of the movement for women’s suffrage, author Doris Stevens writes, "Her talent as an orator is of the kind that makes for instant intimacy with her audience." After the women’s right to vote was granted in 1920 Lucy retired from the political activism scene and moved back to Brooklyn to live with her family. Brooklyn’s “Lucy Burns Activist Award” is given annually in her honor to those who continue to make a difference in the world of Women’s rights. Dubbed along with Paul and several other members of the NWP as an "Iron Jawed Angel" her character was portrayed in the HBO production of the same name. (Bio excerpted from: R. Digati) Holy Cross Cemetery St. Augustine, System CEM, Section AUGU, Row 33, Plot 4 3620 Tilden Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11203 Kings County Learn More

  • Alonzo Barton Cornell

    Alonzo Barton Cornell (1832–1904) Alonzo was elected governor of New York State in 1879. In his first message to the legislature, he spoke on the value of women as school officers, and on February 12, 1880, he signed a bill that secured women's right to vote in all school matters, and also made women eligible to serve as school officers. The following day, Lucy Brand of Rochester became a registered voter. While women still could not vote in all elections, Alonzo was a key figure in guaranteeing women local voting rights. Sage Chapel at Cornell University ​ 147 Ho Plaza, Ithaca, NY 14850 Tompkins County Learn More

  • Harriet Burton Laidlaw

    Harriet Burton Laidlaw (1873–1949) Harriet was a suffragist, reformer, and educator. As an early proponent of women's suffrage, she later became a director of the National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) in which she and other suffragists helped persuade President Theodore Roosevelt to lend support for their cause. After the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, Harriet promoted the United States membership into the League of Nations and the eventual creation of the United Nations. In addition, she was a crusader against white enslavement and coerced prostitution among white and Chinese women in New York. Green-Wood Cemetery Section 172, Lot 13406 500 25th Street, Brooklyn, NY 11232 Kings County Learn More

  • Visit Suffragists' Graves Across New York State | WomenAndTheVote

    Who Were Your Hometown Suffragists? For full functionality, click the purple link Suffragist Gravesites in NYS located below the map. Once the full screen map opens, click on a pin or use the search function to find a person, place, or town. Some cemeteries have more than one gravesite to visit, as indicated by the number that appears below the purple pin AND in the pop-up box that opens when you hover over it. The map's GPS coordinates are for the cemeteries, not individual gravesites. During your visit, please respect the posted rules and hours of operation. Click here for helpful cemetery etiquette.

  • Maude Cyril Nagle Schmidt

    Maude Cyril Nagle Schmidt (1873 –1947) Maude was a leading voice of the Herkimer County Suffrage Convention back in 1917. She was elected leader of the county organization and was heavily involved with the activities of the Ilion Suffrage Study Club. Always civic minded she became the first woman leader of the Herkimer County Republican Committee along with memberships in the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), Red Cross, and Ilion Historical Club. She is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Muriel Cornelia Zoller, wife of Supreme Court Justice Abram Zolier, Herkimer. Maude is included in a Herkimer County Historical Society documentary which is included in a link here under "Learn More". Armory Hill Cemetery (AKA German Flatts Cemetery, Ilion Cemetery) Section 3, Lot 5 Benedict Avenue, Ilion, NY 13357 Herkimer County Learn More

  • Mary Pauline Kirley

    Mary Pauline Kirley (1883–1968) Mary was born in Lowville, NY to Dr. Cyril P. Kirley and Pauline Wood. After graduating from Vassar College, Mary returned home and joined several community organizations, working alongside her mother. She was an active member of the suffrage movement, and she became President of the Lowville Suffrage Club in 1914. If you know more about Mary, you can help us tell her story. Please use our Add a Suffragist form to submit your information. Lowville Rural Cemetery ​ Rural Avenue, Lowville, NY 13367 Lewis County Learn More

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