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  • Alice Morgan Wright

    Alice Morgan Wright (1881–1975) An American sculptor, suffragist, and animal welfare activist; Alice was one of the first American artists to embrace Cubism and Futurism. She was also an ardent suffragist. Alice helped to bring the charismatic Emmeline Pankhurst to a speaking engagement in Paris and felt inspired to go to London herself to join the suffrage movement there. With the National Women’s Social and Political Union, she participated in militant demonstrations in England. She was incarcerated for two months in Holloway Prison, London. With other suffragettes, Alice protested her treatment by participating in a hunger strike. She used smuggled plasteline to model a portrait bust of her fellow prisoner, Pankhurst. Alice continued her suffrage activism after her return to the United States in 1914. She was Recording Secretary of the Woman’s Suffrage Party of New York during the winning campaign. Alice only returned to sculpture full-time after the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. In 1920, she returned to Albany and gradually turned away from art to focus on political activism, especially animal rights, going as far as writing the Peace Plantation Animal Sanctuary organization's 12 Guiding Principles, which are still in use today. In 1921, Alice helped to create the League of Women Voters of New York State, eventually serving as a delegate to the 1948 United Nations assembly in Paris. Alice Wright and Edith J. Goode were lifetime companions, having met at Smith College. Together they worked tirelessly for peace and justice. Albany Rural Cemetery Section 29, Plot 42 Cemetery Avenue, Menands, NY 12204 Albany County Learn More

  • Helen Burr Cogswell Peckham

    Helen Burr Cogswell Peckham (1860–1932) Helen was an earnest believer in women’s suffrage from a young age. She wrote and spoke to advocate for enfranchisement in NY and other states. She was an officer of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association. From the book Families of Western New York, by William Richard Cutter. Forest Hill Cemetery ​ High Street, Attica, NY 14011 Wyoming County Learn More

  • Mary Jewett Telford

    Mary Jewett Telford (1839–1906) Mary was born in Seneca, Ontario County, New York to Hannah Southwick and Dr. Lester Jewett. She was commissioned as a nurse in the Union Army on November 28, 1863 and served at Hospital No. 8 in Nashville, Tennessee. Following the war, Mary wed Jacob Telford and spent the rest of her life in humanitarian efforts. In 1883, Mary became a charter member of the Woman's Relief Corps, providing aid to Civil War soldiers and their families, and organization which is still in existence today. In 1894, Mary ran for Lieutenant Governor of Colorado on the Prohibition ticket. Mary's other post-war activities included being an author of children's stories. She also toured the country, speaking on behalf of temperance for the WCTU, of which she and her sister Catherine were active members. The whole time, she had spinal difficulties and other health problems contracted during her service as a Civil War nurse. Mary Jewett Telford was nominated for induction into the National Women's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, Seneca County. (courtesy of Brighton-Pittsford Post (NY)/Friday, April 9, 2010) South Perinton Cemetery 291 Wilkinson Road, Fairport, NY 14450 Monroe County Learn More

  • May Ladd Simonson

    May Ladd Simonson (1868–1948) May was also known as Mrs. Charles E. Simonson. She was active in the Political Equality Club of Richmond County. After the passage of the 19th amendment, she was the Director of the League of Women Voters. She was also a member of many women's organizations. In 1921, May founded the Woodrow Wilson Foundation--a fund-raising and award-granting organization for those who aspired to Wilsons ideals for world peace. Moravian Cemetery ​ 2205 Richmond Road, New Dorp, NY 10306 Richmond County Learn More

  • Naomi Sewell Richardson

    Naomi Sewell Richardson (1892–1993) Naomi was the first African American to graduate from Washingtonville High School, before attending Howard University in 1910. While there, she helped found the Delta Sigma Theta Sorority with 22 other women who "wanted to do more for our community into which we would be going after we graduated...not only a social group, but a working group." Their first public act as a sorority occurred in March of 1913 with the Women's Suffrage March in Washington D.C. Even later in life, Naomi Sewell Richardson was very active in her community and sorority. Although Richardson was known for living quietly, she was admired for her work with extreme activism and civic service. She was the last living founder of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority. Over 100 of her sorority sisters attended her funeral. A book titled "A Life of Quiet Dignity" was written about her life and legacy. Washingtonville Cemetery ​ Cemetery Road, Washingtonville, NY 10992 Orange County Learn More

  • Sarah Hallock Schram

    Sarah Hallock Schram (1813–1871) Sarah attended the State suffrage convention held in Saratoga Springs in July 1869. The goal of the convention was to create a permanent organization for the State of New York. Sarah was elected to the Advisory Counsel for the Second Judicial District from Newburgh, NY, serving alongside Susan B. Anthony. Friends Cemetery No. 1 AKA Hicksite Cemetery, Friends Burial Ground ​ Maple Ave, Milton, NY, 12547 Ulster County Learn More

  • Janet Livingstone Fotheringham

    Janet Livingstone Fotheringham (1895–1935) A teacher of physical culture from Buffalo, NY, Janet was 26 years old when she traveled to Washington to participate in the 1917 suffrage protests at the White House. Her courageous participation in these historic protests earned her a place in suffrage history. Janet was among the second of three groups of protestors who marched from NWP headquarters across the street to the White House. A crowd formed at the scene, and police made no attempt to disperse them. The first group took their places at the upper gate without incident. However, as soon as the second group took their positions at the lower gate, the police immediately arrested both groups of suffrage protestors. When the third group emerged from NWP headquarters, the crowd applauded as the suffragists took their places. The police waited four minutes before arresting them on a charge of “violating an ordinance.” At the police station, all 16 were charged with “unlawful assembly.” In court on July 17 all 16 were found guilty of “obstructing traffic” and sentenced to 60 days at the Occoquan Workhouse, the federal prison in Lorton, Virginia. Family members visited the suffragists in prison and, shocked by their condition, appealed to President Woodrow Wilson. After serving three torturous days at the Occoquan Workhouse, the 16 suffragists—including Janet—were pardoned by the president and released. Forest Lawn Cemetery Section: 27, Lot: 394, Lot: E 1/2, Space: 5 1411 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14209 Erie County Learn More

  • Reverend Annis Bertha Ford Eastman

    Reverend Annis Bertha Ford Eastman (1852–1910) Annis was a restless intellect who was under-nourished by the opportunities for women in her day. Despite those limitations, she became a pulpit minister, an active suffragist, and a lifelong student of philosophy, religion, and psychology. Two of her children - Max and Crystal Eastman - became well-known reformers and intellectuals, influenced by their mother’s ideas. Annis and her sisters grew up in Peoria, Illinois in a household with a violent, alcoholic father. All five sisters were determined to make their own living, which Annis did by seeking a college education at Oberlin College (class of 1874). There she met her husband, Samuel Eastman, who was studying for the ministry. They settled in Canandaigua, NY. The early years of their marriage were fraught and difficult, marked by the births of their four children and the death of their oldest son at age seven. In 1886, Samuel Eastman’s health collapsed and he stepped down from his pulpit. This made space for Annis to lead both the church and the family. In 1889 she was ordained a Congregational minister based on her independent study of scripture, one of the first female clergy in the denomination—and the country. She led a church in Brookton, NY (near Ithaca) and became increasingly well known as a preacher. In 1893 she addressed the World’s Parliament of Religions at the Chicago World’s Fair. The following year Annis and her husband were both hired as assistant pastors of Park Church in Elmira. Whether Samuel Eastman was active in the ministry or hired because they would not have hired Annis alone is unclear. When Rev. Thomas K. Beecher died in 1900, the Eastmans were elevated to co-pastors with Annis as the intellectual leader of the church. Her own academic journey included summer study at Harvard with some of the great men of philosophy, and she grew increasingly skeptical of Christian dogma. In 1907 she led the church to change its affiliation from Congregational to Unitarian. The shift indicated her own engagement with the secular world. In her 50’s she became increasingly interested in suffrage and social reform. In 1908 she addressed the 60th anniversary ceremony at Seneca Falls—giving one of two keynotes, alongside Mary Church Terrell, one of the most prominent African-American activists in the country. In 1910 Annis wrote a eulogy for Mark Twain, Elmira’s most famous resident, but was too sick to speak so her husband delivered it on her behalf. She died later that year. Samuel Eastman outlived his wife by 15 years. Their shared headstone reflects the partnership Annis Eastman and her husband eventually developed: ministers and equals. Bio by Rachel B. Tiven. Woodlawn Cemetery Section 5, Lot 207 NP 130 N Pearl Street, Canandaigua, NY 14424 Ontario County Learn More

  • Inez Milholland (Boissevain)

    Inez Milholland (Boissevain) (1886–1916) Inez attended Vassar College, where she excelled in track and field and drama. It was at Vassar that she first became active in the fight for women's suffrage. When the college refused to allow speakers on womens' suffrage to appear on campus, Inez organized a rally in a local cemetery. Vassar suspended her for this, but she was not deterred. After graduating from Vassar in 1909, she earned a degree in labor law from NYU and became a respected attorney. In March of 1913, the day of Woodrow Wilson's presidential inauguration, 8,000 suffragists marched for their cause in Washington D.C. Inez Milholland, dressed in white robes and riding on a white horse at the head of the parade made a powerful and striking impression on the crowd. Later she became one of the leaders of the Congressional Union for Women's Suffrage, as well as the movements most popular public speaker. Additionally, Inez was a co-founder of the N.A.A.C.P. On October 16, 1916, while giving a speech against Woodrow Wilson in Los Angeles, she suddenly collapsed. Inez Milholland lived with pernicious anemia, which had worsened due to her demanding speaking schedule and near constant travel. Ten weeks after her collapse, she died. She was thirty years old. Her last public words were famously, "Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?" She was the wife of Dutch businessman Jan Boissevain. Her sister, Miss Vida Milholland, was also a Suffragist buried in the same cemetery. Lewis (Center) Cemetery Pines: Go to the top of the hill 933 Fox Run Road, Elizabethtown, NY 12932 Essex County Learn More

  • Mary Post Hallowell

    Mary Post Hallowell (1823–1913) Mary was a leader in the suffrage movement. She became an anti-slavery activist as a young woman, and in 1842, joined the newly-formed Western New York Anti-Slavery Society (WNYASS), a group which her parents had helped to found. After she married, her home, like that of her parents, provided a refuge for fugitive slaves as part of the network of the Underground Railroad. Mary’s fight for suffrage and equality for women spans over sixty years. She was present at the first women's rights Convention held in Seneca Falls in July of 1848 and a signer of the Declaration of Sentiments. In the aftermath of the Civil War, Mary supported revisions to the 14th Amendment that would allow women, as well as African-American men, the right to vote. Mary attempted to vote in the presidential election of 1872 and was unable to register. She later donated to Susan B. Anthony’s defense after Susan was arrested for voting. She was also present at the founding meeting of Rochester's Women's Political Club (later the Political Equality Club) in Susan's home in December of 1885. Mary's suffrage activities were buttressed by a close personal friendship with Susan B. Anthony. Ida Husted Harper, Susan's biographer, describes the home of William and Mary Hallowell as a place where the "doors never were closed" to Susan. Mount Hope Cemetery Range 1, Lot 40 E 2/3 1133 Mount Hope Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620 Monroe County Learn More

  • Margaret M. Fotheringham

    Margaret M. Fotheringham (1890–1949) On August 23, 1917, Margaret and five other women appeared at the White House bearing banners quoting President Woodrow Wilson. Within ten minutes of their protest, all the women were arrested for obstructing traffic. When they pleaded their case the judge pointed out that the president was “not the one to petition for justice.” The women were fined twenty-five dollars or thirty days at Occoquan Workhouse. Every woman refused to pay the fine. On September 4, 1917, during a parade for recently drafted soldiers of World War I, Margaret was again arrested, along with twelve other women. In a fashion similar to their earlier picketing at the White House, the women all sported controversial banners. This time the banners stated, “Mr. President, how long must women be denied a voice in the government that is conscripting their sons?” The punishment was more severe, and the women served sixty days at Occoquan Workhouse. During her confinement, Margaret and ten other women, claiming to be political prisoners, refused to work. As a result of her bold activism for women’s voting rights, Margaret lost her job in the Buffalo public schools. Rather than appearing before the school board to answer its charges, she accepted a position with the Red Cross. The Central Federated Labor Union of New York criticized the Buffalo school authorities for suspending Margaret, pointing out that the suspension violated the Clayton Act, whereby non-violent picketing was legal. (Courtesy Forest Lawn Cemetery Section: 27, Lot: 345-EM PT, Space: 7 1411 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14209 Erie County Learn More

  • Julie Regula Jenney

    Julie Regula Jenney (1866–1947) While working as a lawyer, Julie was involved with multiple women's and suffrage organizations in Syracuse, most of which bore the stamp of her mother's tireless activism. Marie R. Jenney was founder of the Ka-na-te-nah Woman's Club, composed of 350 members, and president of the Syracuse Council of Women's Clubs, a 3,000-member organization. She also served as a state or local leader in at least a half dozen other organizations dedicated to advancing the welfare of women, including the Political Equality Club. Following in these footsteps, Julie took on a similar role as a leader in the New York women's movement. She served as director of the Professional Women's League and held membership in the Political Equality Club and the Woman's Suffrage Association. In 1896, Julie delivered a lecture on "Law and the Ballot" before the National Woman Suffrage Association's annual convention, in which she argued that women's legal rights were inextricably bound to the legislatures that approved them. She contended that only the vote would provide women the assurance that any rights they gain would be duly protected in the future. Julie went on to serve the New York State Woman Suffrage Association and spoke at the annual convention in Oswego in 1901. *courtesy Oakwood Cemetery Section 27, Plot 55 940 Comstock Avenue, Syracuse, NY 13210 Onondaga County Learn More

  • Charlotte (Lottie) Henderson

    Charlotte (Lottie) Henderson (1877–1949) “Lottie” as she was known, was recognized in July 1906 by the New York Age for being an efficient president of the Northeastern Federation of Women's Clubs for two terms while also holding her presidency of the Auxilium Club and the Telephone Club, a club she had founded that paid the expenses of phones for the sick and dying through the parishioners of Dr. W.T. Dixon's church. In 1914, Charlotte helped with the Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs (ESFWC), as the organization held its annual meeting at Concord Baptist Church. Charlotte was affiliated with the ESFWC through the Dorcas Home Missionary Society as well as through friendships with other notable Concord Baptist Church women, who were also active with the ESFWC. In 1914, the group discussed plans for a Harriet Tubman memorial. This event was a reunion for the New York City delegates at the prior year's meeting as well as Minnie Brown, M.C. Lawton, and Lucretia Freeman. At one point, Charlotte "Lottie" Henderson served as chair of the executive board of the Empire State Federation of Women's Clubs. (Courtesy Slate Hill Cemetery ​ South Church Street, Goshen, NY, 10924 Orange County Learn More

  • Mary Garrett Hay

    Mary Garrett Hay (1857–1928) A suffrage activist who worked closely with Carrie Chapman Catt, Mary was also a temperance worker with the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She became President of the New York Equal Suffrage League (1910-1918), New York City Woman's Suffrage Party (1912-1918), and the New York City League of Women Voters (1918-1923). Mary was one of the founders of the National American Women's Suffrage Movement (1910-1918) and, along with Carrie Chapman Catt, was instrumental in obtaining legislation for women's right to vote. Her papers are housed at the Harvard University Library in the Women's Rights Collection. She and Carrie Chapman Catt are buried side by side marked by a single monument inscribed in block letters: "Here lie two, united in friendship for 38 years through constant service to a great cause." Woodlawn Cemetery Primrose Plot, along Laurel Avenue 4199 Webster Avenue, Bronx, NY 10470 Bronx County Learn More

  • Sarah David Bills Fish

    Sarah David Bills Fish (1798–1868) Sarah was among Rochester's most prominent early suffragist and abolitionist advocates. The Fish Family, including Sarah's husband Benjamin, and their daughters Catharine Stebbins and Mary Curtis, were involved in organizing all kinds of anti-slavery and suffrage activities. Their home was an early way-station on the Underground Railroad. Sarah was a member of the Rochester Female Anti-Slavery Society and served a term as its secretary. In 1842, she joined the Western New York Anti-Slavery Society and served on its Executive Committee. She wrote for Frederick Douglass' North Star newspaper. Sarah and her daughter Catharine participated in the First Women's Rights Convention in Seneca Falls in 1848. Sarah helped organize the second women's rights convention two weeks later in Rochester, and delivered an address at this convention. She was part of the radical group that recommended that the Rochester convention elect a female president, and her group prevailed, selecting Abigail Bush as chair. Mount Hope Cemetery Section M Lot 101 1133 Mount Hope Ave, Rochester, NY 14620 Monroe County Learn More

  • Catherine (Kate) Gleason

    Catherine (Kate) Gleason (1865–1933) Kate was born in Rochester, New York. Her parents were Irish immigrants and ardent women rights advocates. Her mother, Ellen, was friends with Susan B. Anthony. Kate Gleason led the kind of life that Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton dreamed would come true someday as the result of their work. To begin, in 1884, she attended Cornell University, a school that opened its doors to women due to Susan B. Anthony’s efforts. Equally significant, Kate was the first woman to enroll in their Mechanical Arts engineering program. It was extremely rare for women to enter the engineering profession. According to the Society for Women Engineers, “. . . it was rare for more than one woman a year (if any) to receive an engineering degree nationwide from 1876 until 1900.” She did not graduate from Cornell, having to return home to Rochester to assist in her father’s machine shop business. However, she continued to take engineering classes at Sibley College of Engraving and the Mechanics Institute, later to become the Rochester Institute of Technology. With the winds of the women’s rights movement at her back, Kate continued to become “the first” in many areas. With her confidence, keen business acumen, and engineering knowledge, she became the company’s first global sales woman, bringing in European business. Gleason Works exists to this day as a global provider of gear-cutting equipment. It is reported that Kate was the first woman to be appointed a receiver of a company in bankruptcy. She led Ingle Machine Company of East Rochester, New York out of bankruptcy, paying off its debts in eighteen months and returning it to profitability. In 1918 she was the first woman member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Kate continued her work in roles traditionally held by men. She developed affordable housing for the working class by deploying mass production efforts and a unique concrete method that she developed. She continued her work in housing development, helping to rebuild a French village after World War 1, and starting building projects in California and South Carolina. As a fitting tribute to women’s rights, she and her father hosted a grand (and what was to be the final) birthday party for Susan B. Anthony in 1906. And in 1912 Gleason contributed $1,200 to the National Woman’s Suffrage Association. The amount was one of its largest pledges. In 1998, the Rochester Institute of Technology named its engineering school the Kate Gleason College of Engineering, the first college to name an engineering school after a woman. Riverside Cemetery ​ 2650 Lake Avenue Rochester, NY 14612 Monroe County Learn More

  • Caroline C. Crane

    Caroline C. Crane (1873–1964) Caroline completed four years of college, worked as a stenographer, and was then the first woman to be admitted to the bar in NYS. She went on to practice law in Canandaigua and was active in the Republican Party. Caroline was a delegate to the Republican State Convention in 1922. Woodlawn Cemetery Section 5 Lot 78 130 N Pearl Street, Canandaigua, NY 14424 Ontario County Learn More

  • Anna May Kelly Boughton Brown

    Anna May Kelly Boughton Brown (1859–1949) Anna May was active in her Universalist Church as well as the Victor Equal Suffrage Association. Her second husband, Brown, worked for Frank Cobb, owner of Cobb Drug Store, who was an active suffrage participant as well. If you know more about Anna May, you can help us tell her story. Please use our Add a Suffragist form to submit your information. Macedon Village Cemetery Unknown Erie Street Road, Macedon, NY Wayne County Learn More

  • Delia C. Kenyon

    Delia C. Kenyon (1858–1945) Delia graduated from Rochester Business School, moved to Mendon, NY where she initially took a job as a secretary and bookkeeper at a local mill. She remained in the milling business and ultimately advanced to form a partnership with Roscoe and Samuel Tomkinson. The firm of Tomkinson, Kenyon and Tomkinson (TK&T) leased a mill on North Main Street. Although the mill had its difficulties (it burned down in 1901 and the inside had to be rebuilt), by the First World War, TK&T was exporting flour to France. In addition to her flourishing business, Kenyon was involved in a variety of community activities. She was a long-term member of the Honeoye Falls School Board. She helped to establish the Mendon Public Library and served as the president of its governing board. Delia's commitment to women’s rights is evidenced in the role she played in the Fortnightly Club, circa Feb. 19, 1913. The club, a women’s group established with the purpose of the advancement of women in Honeoye Falls, was formed over one hundred years ago and remains in existence. Delia was instrumental in organizing the Club, and acted as its President. By1914 both the New York State Grange and the Women’s Christian Temperance Union had endorsed the cause of women’s suffrage. A glance at the program for March 31, 1915, a year in which Delia served as President, shows the club’s concern for women’s issues. “The Benefits of Equal Suffrage” was discussed, and women also spoke and heard about “Clara Barton and the Red Cross,” (Barton being a known suffragist) the “Growth of Temperance,” and “The Grange.” The program concluded with a “Roll Call of Women Reformers.” Honeoye Falls Cemetery ​ 214 North Main Street, Honeoye Falls, NY 14472 Monroe County Learn More

  • Charlotte Burroughs Ray

    Charlotte Burroughs Ray (1813–1891) Charlotte was a dedicated suffragist and church woman. She wholeheartedly dedicated her life to advocating on behalf of a woman's right to vote. Her mission was one that was firmly rooted in Christian theology. The archive is limited in its ability to fully capture the breadth of her contributions to Black women and their liberation. Her faith was of great importance to her and served as a prime motivator to her activism. Charlotte was a member of the American Equal Rights Association (AERA) founded in 1866. Their mission was to secure equal rights---especially the right of suffrage. Her daughter, Charlotte E. Ray, was the first female African-American lawyer in the United States. Cypress Hills Cemetery Possibly Section 2 833 Jamaica Avenue, Brooklyn, NY 11208 Kings County Learn More

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